Nile Basin Initiative is a regional intergovernmental partnership launched by the Nile Basin countries on 22nd February, 1999 to manage and develop the shared Nile Basin water resources in a cooperative manner, share substantial socio-economic benefits and promote regional peace and security. NBI Member States are 10 namely Burundi, DR Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Eritrea participates as an observer.
The set-up of NBI is informed by the principle of subsidiarity, hence the three NBI Centers: A Regional Secretariat (Nile-SEC) based in Entebbe, Uganda is the executive arm responsible for facilitating cooperation among the Member States, joint management of the shared water resources as well as the overall corporate direction. Two Subsidiary Action Programs namely the Eastern Nile Technical Regional Office (ENTRO) based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and the Nile Equatorial Lakes Subsidiary Action Program Coordination Unit (NELSAP-CU) based in Kigali, Rwanda are responsible for preparing trans-boundary investment projects in three areas namely Energy, Water and Food.