Rwanda is a small, mountainous country in the far southwest of the Nile Basin. The country has abundant water resources, totaling some 5 billion cubic meters per year. About 84 percent of the country lies in the Nile Basin and some 90 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture, making water management a key issue. Deforestation and erosion are taking a toll, and other environmental issues (including the proliferation of the water hyacinth, a destructive weed) are becoming serious problems. Rwanda is hosting NELSAP-CU one of the three NBI Centres and together with Burundi and Tanzania are involed in one of the flagship NELSAP/NBI projects - the Regional Rusumo Falls Hydro-electric Project.
Rwanda and the Nile Basin Initiative: Benefits of Cooperation