Tanzania is a country with abundant water resources – it has a dozen major rivers and lakes. Like other countries in the Nile Basin, Tanzania has been paying renewed attention to its water resources over the past years. Despite the abundance, the country still faces shortages of water for domestic use, pollution is a problem, climate change is affecting rainfall, and traditional agricultural techniques have led to erosion and environmental degradation. And, with some 80 percent of the population involved in agriculture, the need for adequate water – and new ways of using it efficiently – have become key concerns. Though it only covers about 13 percent of the national area, the Basin borders on Lake Victoria, offering a wide range of opportunities and impacting the entire economy.
Tanzania and the Nile Basin Initiative: Benefits of Cooperation